Metabolic Syndrome X in US Adults Associated with Obesity
In an article appearing in the January 16, 2002, issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association, researchers at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) estimated that as many as 47 million Americans may exhibit a cluster of medical conditions (a “metabolic syndrome”) characterized by insulin resistance and the presence of obesity, abdominal fat, high blood sugar and triglycerides, high blood cholesterol, and high blood pressure. The syndrome was first defined in the Third Report of the National Cholesterol Education Program (NCEP) Expert Panel on Detection, Evaluation, and Treatment of High Blood Cholesterol in Adults (ATPIII), released on May 15, 2001. Because the root causes of the metabolic syndrome for a majority of individuals may be poor diet and insufficient physical activity, the high prevalence of the syndrome underscores an urgent need to develop comprehensive efforts directed at controlling the U.S. obesity epidemic and improving physical activity levels within the U.S. population.
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