What Are the Health Dangers of Morbid Obesity?
Morbid or severe clinical obesity is associated with significant medical, psychological and physical co-morbidities. Morbidly obese patients have an increased risk of a wide range of serious disease, including: type 2 diabetes, hyperinsulinemia and insulin resistance; dyslipidemia (high cholesterol or high triglycerides); raised blood pressure, cardiovascular disease and strokes; breast, endometrial, and colon cancers; pulmonary problems; sleep apnea; osteoarthritis and orthopedic problems; endocrine disorders (glandular and hormonal problems); as well as dermatological complications. The risk of developing these weight-related diseases increases with the level of obesity. Thus patients with malignant or super-obesity (BMI 50+) have an even greater risk of serious illness.
Mortality Risk of Morbid Obesity
According to a recent article in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, mortality risks associated with severe clinical obesity have been estimated at 6 to 12 times greater than that of normal-weight people.
Examples of Health Dangers Related to Excess Body Fat
– 80 percent of type 2 diabetes patients are obese (Diabetes and Morbid Obesity)
– 70 percent of coronary heart disease and stroke is related to obesity
– 42 percent of breast and colon cancer patients are obese
– Gallstones occur approximately 3 times more often in obese t
han in non-obese patients.
– 26 percent of obese patients have elevated blood pressure
Health Dangers Decline As Obesity is Reduced
Among people who are severely obese, weight loss can significantly reduce the chances of developing health problems. Studies show that a reduction in body weight of 5-10 percent triggers significant improvement in health and comorbidities.
Health Dangers For Future Obese Adults – Childhood Obesity
Studies of obese adults show a strong connection between body weight in childhood (or adolescence) and weight in adulthood. In short, obese children are more likely to grow up into obese adults. Hence the concern among obesity experts at the current prevalence and incidence of childhood overweight. Latest obesity statistics indicate that about 15 percent of children ages 6 to 19, or about 9 million children, are overweight. According to the Center For Disease Control (CDC), the percentage of overweight children aged 6-11 years has almost doubled since the early 1980’s, while the percentage of overweight adolescents has risen by nearly 300 percent. Unless action is taken, many of these kids are likely to suffer from severe clinical obesity in later life.
Signs of Health Complications Among Overweight Children
Of the nine million overweight children, 1 in 4 is already showing early signs of type 2 diabetes, while 3 in 5 already have one risk factor for heart disease.